Women wouldn’t sit in bars if they knew how they looked : Victory girls, women’s intemperance, and feminine incursions, Buffalo, 1944

MA Thesis/Dissertation by Caitlin Hartney, 2017, State University at New York at Buffalo. On file at Buffalo Hisory Museum. Also available online.

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The First Christmas Card in 1843 Irked the Ire of Temperance Folk…

…because it showed an adult feeding alcohol from a glass to a child. Here’s the link to the article in the British online newspaper The Independent by Simmy Richman. There was even controversy this year about how to replicate it for a new mass distribution. The article also reports on a scholar postulating the popular song “Jingle Bells” had nothing to do with Christmas, and  was actually a drinking song.

Children drinking alcohol was a very common depiction on post cards well into the twentieth century as can be evidenced by a search on eBay’s Postcard section using the term “new year” or “holiday” and the term “toast”, and it clearly wasn’t just in regards to the analogy of a child representing the new year.

Alcohol’s hold on campus (articles)

The Chronicle of Higher Education, 1 Dec. 2014, devotes several articles to campus drinking, including one that focuses on the Athens campus of The University of Georgia (“A River of Booze”).  There also are six maps about drinking places at selected universities: University of Georgia, University of Wisconsin, Madison, University of California, Santa Barbara, Penn State University, Syracuse University, and the University of Nebraska, Lincoln.

Can Rushing and Working-Class Politicization in the Gilded Age and Progressive Era (article)

Barleen, Steven D. “‘Rushing the Growler’: Can Rushing and Working-Class Politicization in the Gilded Age and Progressive Era.” Labor History 55, no. 4 (August 2014): 519–37. History of buying beer in cans for consumptions off the premises of a saloon, with attention to the political debates about this practice.