ADHS conference, 18-21 June 2015 (call for papers)

Call for Papers
Borders, Boundaries & Contexts:  Defining Spaces in the History of Alcohol &
Drugs

Papers and panel proposals are invited for an international conference on
the history of alcohol and drugs to be held at Bowling Green State
University, Bowling Green, OH, USA on June 18-21, 2015.  Panel proposals (3
x 20-minute papers) or individual papers (20 minutes) are invited.  We will
also consider proposals for fringe sessions using non-conventional formats
e.g. screenings, debates, demonstrations etc.

Borders, Boundaries and Contexts seeks to break down barriers in the
historical study of drugs and alcohol, encouraging transnational approaches
and methodologies that transcend the singular focus on alcohol or drugs.
The Program Committee invites proposals for individual papers and complete
panels exploring how:
•         spaces, boundaries and borders –  physical, legal, chronological,
psychological, or ideological – have influenced the history of alcohol and
drugs;
•         contexts, spatial or otherwise, have shaped the production,
consumption, imagination, or regulation of alcohol and drugs;
•          particular “spaces” have defined eras, episodes, or issues in the
history of alcohol and drugs.
Proposals from advanced graduate students and recent PhDs are particularly
welcome, as are submissions on topics beyond North American and Europe,
along with papers and panels that focus on periods before the modern era.

Topics may include (but are not limited to):
Global drug trade and the War on Drugs
Crime and Policing of spaces, boundaries, borders
Prohibition of drugs and alcohol
Temperance movements
Tobacco use and regulation; international perspectives
Licensing, pricing, and sale of alcohol and drugs
Labor and underground economies
Media regulation directed at alcohol and drugs advertising
Substance abuse treatment and self help groups as “spaces” for recovery and
sobriety
Race, ethnicity, and gender in the history of alcohol and
drugs
Religion, alcohol and drugs
Use and regulation of alcohol and drugs in premodern
cultures
Alcohol and drugs in digital and popular culture
Role of policy-making and politics in defining spaces and
boundaries for drug
and alcohol production and consumption
The intersection of race, sexuality and space in the history
of alcohol and drugs
Methodology:  new tools and concepts in the history of
alcohol and drugs
Alcohol and drugs impact on sports

Panel sessions: brief abstracts (c. 200 words) of each paper plus a brief
statement (c. 200 words) outlining the panel theme and a brief biography of
participants.  Single papers: brief abstract (c. 200 words) and brief
biography.  Fringe events: Outline of proposed event (up to 500 words)
including proposed content, technical requirements and rationale.
Please reply to:
adhsconference2015@gmail.com<mailto:adhsconference2015@gmail.com

Deadline for submission: 17th October 2014

 

Imbibing bodies: history of drinking and culture (seminar series)

Centre for the Study of the Body and Material Culture, Royal Holloway, University of London

seminar series 2012-2013

Karen Harvey (Sheffield), ‘Politics by Design: Drink, Allegiance and Manly Consumption’

Lyanne Holcombe (Kingston), ‘Leisured Spaces, Liminal Bodies: Gender and the Practice of Consumption in the Lyons Restaurant, Grill and Hotel 1914-1939′

Mark Hailwood (Exeter), ”Alehouses, Sociability and Intoxication in Seventeenth-Century England’

James Kneale (UCL), ‘Measuring Moderate Drinking Before the Unit: Medicine and Life Assurance in Britain and the United States, c.1860-1930’

Tessa Storey (RHUL), ‘Salute! Drinking to Health in Late Renaissance Italy’

Stella Moss (RHUL), ‘”An Abnormal Habit”: Methylated Spirit Drinking in Intewar Britain’

https://www.royalholloway.ac.uk/history/research/researchcentres/csbmc/csbmcseminar2012.aspx

Tea, coffee, chocolate, alcohol (conference papers)

Food in History, 82nd Anglo-American Conference of Historians, 11-13 July 2013

Ian Miller (University College Dublin), A Dangerous, Revolutionary Force amongst Us’: Conceptualizing Working-Class Tea Drinking in the British Isles, c.1860-1900 

Dark secrets shared: chocolate, coffee and glocalisation 1: Transnational approaches

Chair: Margrit Schulte (Dusseldorf)
Jonathan Morris (University of Hertfordshire), The Espresso Menu: An International History
Margrit Schulte (Beerbühl), Transferring Sweet Secrets: Transnational connections in the European Chocolate Industry
Angelika Epple (Bielefeld), Chocolate and the Invention of Quality
Ruben Quass (Bielefeld), Fair Trade Coffee. “Global” Product – “Glocal” Project – “Local” Goals? 

Food and the British empire in the 18th century

Chair: Christopher Currie (IHR)
Molly Perry (The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg), ‘Flowing Bowls and Bumping Glasses’: Raising Toasts, Declaring Loyalty, and Protesting in the British Empire

 Dark secrets shared 2: chocolate, coffee and glocalisation: Comparative approaches

Chair: Jonathan Morris (University of Hertfordshire)
Tatsuya Mitsuda (Keio University, Tokyo), The hybridization of tastes: chocolate in Japan, c.1900-1970
Yavuz Köse (University of Hamburg), Chocolate and Coffee in the Late Ottoman Empire and Turkish Republic
Merry White (Boston University), Coffee Japanese Style

NGOs, religion and humanitarian actions in the modern age (1850-1950) [includes temperance]

Prof. Dr. Harald Fischer-Tiné ETH Zürich Geschichte der modernen Welt Rämistrasse101
Raum HG E 12 CH-8092 Zürich harald.fischertine@gess.ethz.ch
+41 44 632 69 15
PD Dr. Alexandra Przyrembel Universität Göttingen Seminar für Mittlere und Neuere Ge- schichte Platz der Göttinger Sieben 5 37073 Göttingen aprzyre@uni-goettingen.de +49 30-25321557
NGOs, Religion and Humanitarian Actions in the Modern Age (1850-1950)
Convenors
Prof. Dr. Harald Fischer-Tiné (ETH Zurich) PD Dr. Alexandra Przyrembel (Georg-August-Universität Göttingen)
Date and Venue
ETH Zurich, Switzerland September 5-8th, 2012
Topic and Questions
Around the middle of the 19th century, bourgeois men and increasingly also women started founding missionary societies and philanthropic clubs in and outside of Europe, which were frequently pursuing humanitarian goals in addition to their religious motiva- tion. These transnationally operating relief organizations embody the processes of glo- balization, which – as Jürgen Osterhammel points out – reach a preliminary peak at the end of the 19th century.1 Not only economic, political and cultural factors played a deci- sive role in the advance of global integration, but religious and philanthropic associa- tions were also crucial for the growing entanglement between the “West” and the “Rest” (Stuart Hall). These associations built up their transnational networks and developed a broad range of different measures of relief independent of governmental bodies, often however cooperating with them and rarely even openly opposing them. They decisively determined who was to be seen as especially in need of relief. Missionary societies, philanthropic and religious associations thus contributed significantly to the (re-) defini- tion of the social question within Europe by promoting a number of philanthropic activi- ties. Concurrently with proselytizing and salvaging “Heathens”, they implemented a
1 Osterhammel, Jürgen (2009): Die Verwandlung der Welt. Eine Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts. 2. Aufl. München: Beck.
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multitude of relief projects outside of Europe and thereby almost invariably intersected with the agendas and authorities of the European empires abroad.
Scientific objective
The transnational co-operations of religious actors thus took part in the realization of global humanitarian relief programs. Two features should be noted here: First, the per- sistence of religious reasoning can still be observed in the 1970s.2 The measures de- signed in and outside of Europe as part of this reasoning were, secondly, reciprocally connected.3 Taking these observations as a point of departure, the workshop wants to address the following questions: Which actors were involved in the implementation of global as well as local relief measures? What was the significance of “gender” for these objectives, for the individual involvement of relief workers and for their reception through the “Needy” on the one hand, and the colonial and administrative actors on the other? What were the specific relief strategies devised by different organizations? What was the relationship between the practices and the rhetoric of helping? What was the reaction of state institutions, governments and administrative elites to the “europifica- tion” and globalization of relief by civil actors? How did other religions (Islam, Hinduism, Judaism) react to the challenges posed by the Christian missionaries’ global philanth- ropic effort? Was there an “interreligious” debate of relief, or rather a recourse to the own charity traditions? And finally, does the assumption that mission stations can be considered as “laboratories of modernity”, which influenced the structuring of relief ac- tions within Europe, prove as tenable?4
Selective Bibliography
Cox, Jeffrey (2008): The British Missionary Enterprise since 1700. New York. David, Thomas; Schaufelbuehl, Janick Marina (2010): Swiss Conservatives and the Struggle for
the Abolition of Slavery at the End of the Nineteenth Century. In: Itinerario 34 (2), p. 87–103. Davis, Natalie Zemon (2011): Dezentrierende Geschichtsschreibung. Lokale und kulturelle
Übergänge in einer globalen Welt. In: Historische Anthropologie 19 (1), p. 144-156.
2 This is the observation of Eckert, Andreas/Wirz, Albert, Wir nicht, die Anderen auch. Deutschland und der Kolonialismus, in: Conrad, Sebastian/Randeria, Shalini (ed.), Jenseits des Eurozentrismus. Postkoloniale Perspektiven in den Geschichts- und Kulturwissenschaften, Frankfurt/Main 2002, 372- 392, hier 386.
3 C.f. Harald Fischer-Tiné, Global Civil Society and the Forces of Empire: The Salvation Army, British Imperialism and the ›pre-history‹ of NGOs (ca. 1880-1920), in: Conrad, Sebastian/ Sachsenmaier, Dominic (Hg.), Competing Visions of World Order: Global Moments and Movements, 1880s – 1930s, New York 2007, 29-67.
4 C.f. Sebastian Conrad, Globalisierung und Nation im deutschen Kaiserreich. München 2006, 74- 123.
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Fischer-Tiné, Harald (2007): Global Civil Society and the Forces of Empire: The Salvation Army, British Imperialism, and the ‘Prehistory’ of NGOs (ca. 1880-1920). In: Sebastian Conrad und Dominic Sachsenmaier (Eds.): Competing Visions of World Order. Global Moments and Move- ments, 1880s-1930s. New York u.a., p. 29-68.
Geyer, Michael; Bright, Charles (1995): World History in a Global Age. In: The American Histori- cal Review 100 (H. 4), p. 1034-1060.
Habermas, Rebekka, Mission im 19. Jahrhundert. Globale Netze des Religiösen, in: Historische Zeitschrift 56 (2008), p. 629-679.
Hoffmann, Stefan-Ludwig (Ed.) (2010): Moralpolitik. Geschichte der Menschenrechte im 20. Jahrhundert. Göttingen: Wallstein.
Osterhammel, Jürgen (2009): Die Verwandlung der Welt. Eine Geschichte des 19. Jahrhun- derts. 2. Aufl. München: Beck.
Porter, Andrew (2004): Religion versus empire? British Protestant Missionaries and Overseas Expansion, 1700-1914. Manchester [u.a.]: Manchester Univ. Press.
Tyrrell, Ian (2010): Reforming the World. The Creation of America’s Moral Empire. Princeton.
Weitz, Eric D. (2008): From the Vienna to the Paris System. International Politics and the Entangled Histories of Human Rights, Forced Deportations and Civilizing Missions. In: American Historical Review 11 (5), p. 1313-1343.
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CFP, Global Anti-Vice Activism, ca. 1870-1940: Fighting Drink, Drugs, and Venereal Diseases

Call for Papers

Fighting Drink, Drugs, and Venereal Diseases

Global Anti-Vice Activism, ca. 1870-1940

 

From mid-19th century onwards a growing number of non-governmental organizations, intellectuals and policy-makers became concerned with ‘vices’ that appeared to pose a vital threat to national populations and even humanity at large, such as alcoholism, drug trade/abuse, prostitution and deviant sexual behaviors. A basic question is why did the fight against them mobilize people around the globe? Promoters of Eugenics and ‘social hygiene’ – intellectual and political currents that attracted influential supporter in all parts of the world, especially between the 1890s and the 1940s – understood intoxicants and sexually transmitted diseases as ‘racial poisons’ (Mariana Valverde), against which society had to be defended. Projects of social reform and national ‘regeneration’ in metropolitan, colonial, and post-colonial countries thus involved measures to fight, control and contain those poisons. The time period which is the focus of the conference was marked by a large increase in voluntary organizations, which were often well connected beyond national boundaries. Social and political movements such as socialism, feminism, and anti-colonial nationalism became also in many different ways engaged in debating and solving issues of ‘vice.’

The conference thus explores, firstly, how ‘vices’ became reframed in the context of international bio-political discourses. Apparently, scientific, medical, and biological concepts became increasingly important over against moral and religious arguments against illicit behavior and consumption. Secondly, it seeks to understand why intoxicating substances and venereal diseases became addressed as global issues.  The trade in intoxicants (such as the export of gin to West Africa) as well as the traffic in women, or the mobility of sex workers were not confined to any national or imperial boundaries, but constantly threatened and transcended them. Finally, the conference addresses the question of regulation. Anti-vice activism was crucial in setting the agenda for both governmental interference and international regulation. The conference seeks to bring together research on organizations and initiatives which campaigned against vices – on the organizational repertoires they relied on, the languages they used, the contacts the established, the people they were able to mobilize – with papers analyzing the interaction of state, non-state, and supra-state actors in the making of regulatory regimes.

We invite contributions which focus on local developments, as well as papers which analyze trans-local connections from different regional or cultural perspectives. In regional terms, we are especially (but not exclusively) interested in case studies on the Islamic world, Africa, Eastern Europe, and East and South East Asia. Paper proposals including short abstracts of about 200 words might be directed at Judith Grosse: judith.grosse@gmw.gess.ethz.ch. Please submit proposals until September 30, 2011.

Conference April 1-4, 2012, Monte Verità (http://www.csf.ethz.ch/)

Conveners: Harald Fischer-Tiné and Jana Tschurenev, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (http://www.gmw.ethz.ch)

Organizational Assistance: Judith Grosse

Alcohol and the modern state (Buffalo conference session)

Amy Mittelman provides this report from a recent conference which is cross-posted from her blog, http://www.amymittelman.com/musings

Last week, I attended the Sixth Biennial Meeting of the Alcohol and Drug History Society. It was in Buffalo. I am a founding member of this organization, which was originally the Alcohol Temperance History group (ATHG). There were many nice people at the conference and many of the papers were excellent.

I chaired a panel on ìAlcohol and the Modern State.î Brewing Battles deals with the relationship between the United States government and the brewing industry, that is probably why they choose me.

There were four papers and all were excellent.  Noelle Plack spoke on ìWine, equality and taxation in the French Revolution.î Prior to the Revolution, there was a very high indirect tax on wine. Using the rhetoric of equality common people fought for the abolition of the tax.  The taxes were reinstated between 1798 and 1804 but were much lower.

James Sumnerís paper was ìChemists in the brew house: Excise policy, chemical authority and the value of drink, 1790-1820. ì He looked at debates about how to determine the amount of alcohol in beer and what scientific methods to use. The English taxed beer indirectly and were looking for the most efficient, least corruptible way to maintain the tax and the revenue it generated.

Graceiela Marquez Colin and Gabriela Recio spoke on ìPoliticians and Brewers in Mexico: Taxing Beer in the 1920s.î  By 1899, five firms controlled 63% of Mexicoís beer production. Prior to the Mexican Revolution beer did not pay the stamp tax that other alcoholic beverages did. The Mexican Revolution halted national distribution of beer.  In 1912, the revolutionaries imposed taxes on beer for the first time and taxes rose five times between1912- 1922.  In response, the brewers formed a trade association that sought tariff protection, lower taxes, and a labor code.

Jon Miller gave a talk on ìPetroleum Nasby and the Comedy of Excise Taxes.î  David Locke, a journalist, created Nasby as a fictional, satirical figure.  Nasby drank whiskey straight and was a Democrat. Locke used Nasby to promote support of the Republican Party and itsí polices. One of the policies he promoted the most was the excise tax on liquor. A modern comparison to Nasby would be Stephen Colbert who pretends to be a conservative Republican. Nasby was very popular and a favorite of President Lincoln.

All four papers reveal the centrality of liquor taxation to states and their need for revenue. They also reveal the different responses that varying interest groups have to liquor taxation.  In France, common people sought a reduction in taxes using the rhetoric of the revolution. In America, in the 1790s, western distillers rebelled against the imposition of a tax on whiskey.

Brewers in American, when faced with an excise tax to finance the Civil War, responded in a similar way to the Mexican brewers. They organized a trade association and sought amelioration within the tax system.The tax in the United States provided many patronage positions and this is one aspect of why Locke via Nasby supported the liquor excise. By looking at the relationship between states and liquor taxation, all the papers demonstrate how entangled liquor is in every aspect of modern life.