Prompted by the job losses suffered by bartenders during the Covid 19 pandemic, Business Insider (30 March 2020) published a short article about the history of bartending in America. In 2018 there were 644,11 bartenders in America. The first important guide to mixing drinks appeared in 1862 written by Jerry Thomasm a bartender at the Occidental Hotel in San Francisco. It was called the Bon Vivant’s Companion. Racism and sexism were prominent in bartending. For instance, when a black waiter became a bartender in 1893 at a Cincinnati hotel a boycott forced the hotel’s closure. In 1898 the Colored Mixologists Club was organized. In 1895 there were only 147 women bartenders as compared with nearly 56,000 men. Many states passed laws banning women as bartenders.