Gemma Outen, recently completed her doctoral dissertation,  “The Women’s Total Abstinence Union and Periodical Wings, 1892 – 1914: A Study of Gender and Politics” (Edge Hill University, 2017). See also her articles “Girl, Junior, Woman: Negotiating Childhood and Adolescence in the Female Temperance Press,” Victorian Periodicals Review52 no. 4 (Winter 2019): 749-64; and “Wings and the Woman’s Signal: Reputation and Respectability in Women’s Temperance Periodicals, 1892–1899,” in Women, Periodicals and Print Culture in Britain, 1830s-1900s: The Victorian Perioded. Alexis Easley, Clare Gill, and Beth Rodgers (Edinburgh Scholarship Online, 2020).