Christine Jones, “When Chocolate was Medicine: Colmenero, Wadsworth, and Dufour,” Public Domain Review. In progress, An Edible World: Hot Beverages, Orientalism, and the French Enlightenment (in progress) Seventeenth-century Europeans believed coffee, chocolate, and tea—exotic “drugs”—could heal or poison. A century later, they were culinary staples. Hot beverages are understudied accessories to sociability and ciphers through which France explored, understood, and global culture in the wake of early diplomatic and mercantile expeditions. An Edible World takes up the print reception history of coffee, chocolate and tea to show that these three drinks changed the way Europe imagined the rest of the world.